Chakra Deities

In the Hindu tradition, there are gods and goddesses associated with each of the chakras. The chakras are major energy centers in the body. Chakra deities embody the characteristics of their respective chakras. This relates to the psychological and emotional patterns for that particular chakra. In addition, their stories and adventures remind us of the role of each chakra.

This article introduces the chakra deities and includes links to detailed articles for individual chakras. To get an overview of all of the chakras, please see the article Chakra Definitions: Keys to Health, Happiness & Spirituality.

Hindu Deities and Chakras

Table of Contents

Gods & Goddesses of Hinduism

The gods and goddesses of Hinduism can be viewed as religious parables. They can also be seen as mythology or as legends based on the lives of ancient historical persons. Perhaps the most significant aspect of the process of relating to a god or goddess is the sense of a personal relationship. They do exist at some level whether that be psychological, spiritual or factual.

Every tradition has heroes and heroines that are examples which others can emulate. In some cases, their stories are cautionary tales of pitfalls to avoid. They are like us in many ways. For example, they are often grouped in families. They have consorts and relationships with other divine beings. In addition, their stories are often highly memorable.

There are several ways to develop a deeper understanding of the Hindu deities. You can strengthen your own chakras through this connection:

  • Study the stories of the chakra deities in Hinduism to understand the qualities that they possess. These could be yogic siddhis (powers) or admirable personal characteristics such as fearlessness, compassion or loyalty.
  • Investigate the iconography or symbolism in depictions of one or more of the gods or goddesses for a chakra. Many gods and goddesses hold symbolic objects in their hands or use their hands in mudras or symbolic gestures.
  • Meditate on an image or statue of the chakra deity. Deepen your connection to your own qualities and virtues embodied by that deity.
  • Use mantras or chants related to the chosen chakra deity. Mantras help to activate the qualities of the deity within yourself.
Indra Hindu Deity Root Chakra Meaning

Indra Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Root Chakra Deities

The deities Brahma, Indra and Ganesha are associated with the root chakra. Extensive information about the root chakra can be found in the article Root Chakra Meaning: Establishing Safety and Security. Root chakra deities help to establish a foundation: Brahma is the creative aspect of God, Indra belongs to the heaven above, and Ganesha helps to overcome obstacles here on earth.

Indra is the king of heaven. He is associated with lighting, thunder, storms, rain and rivers. Indra rides on an elephant, symbolizing compassion, intelligence, and ancient wisdom. An elephant with seven trunks is sometimes depicted, representing all seven of the major chakras or energy centers in the body.

Brahma is the Hindu creator god also known as the Self Born, the Lord of Speech, and the creator of the four Vedas. Brahma is the consort of Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and wisdom. Brahma is traditionally depicted with four faces and four arms.

Each face points to a cardinal direction. His hands hold symbols of knowledge and creation: sacred texts, mala beads symbolizing time, a ladle used to feed a sacrificial fire, and a lotus. Brahma is often depicted with a white beard and a sage-like expression. He sits on a lotus flower, dressed in white, red or pink, often with a swan or goose nearby upon which he can ride.

Ganesha Meaning

Ganesha Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Ganesha is another prominent figure in chakras and deities. Ganesha is often invoked at the beginning of an undertaking or an event. Ganesha is also a patron of writers and learning. Ganesha became a popular deity in the 2nd to 5th centuries AD. He is found in various traditions including Jainism and Buddhism. For this reason, Ganesha is often invoked in the beginning of a practical endeavor.

Ganesha symbolism gives a glimpse into the stories and spiritual meaning of this well-known Hindu god. Accordingly, many of the symbols associated with Ganesha relate to his role as the remover of obstacles and the patron of new beginnings. 

Watch a Video: Learn more about Ganesha symbolism in the article and video in What Do Ganesha Symbols Mean?

Learn More: Learn more about the history and stories of Ganesha in our full article on Ganesha Meaning.

Hindu Goddess Parvati

Parvati Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Sacral Chakra Deities

The sacral chakra is associated with deities including Vishnu, his consort Rakini and the goddess Parvati. There are others, but these are three of the main sacral chakra deities. Vishnu is an incarnation of Krishna. In this incarnation, he is the consort of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. More about the sacral chakra can be found at Sacral Chakra Meaning: Healing Relationships.

Vishnu is an incarnation of Krishna. In this incarnation, he is the consort of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Vishnu is known as the preserver. He is one of the three persons of the Hindu trinity: Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver) and Shiva (destroyer).

Rakini is a goddess with two heads representing the duality between the external and internal worlds. This duality is also symbolized in light and dark, male and female, yin and yang, night and day, expansion and contraction and so forth.

Parvati, also known as Uma, is the Hindu goddess of fertility, love and devotion as well as divine strength and power. She is the gentle and nurturing aspect of the goddess energy and the consort of Shiva. Parvati is part of a trinity of Hindu goddesses that also includes Lakshmi and Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge and learning.

Watch a Video: Hear a mantra to Parvati and learn more about this goddess in Parvati Mantra: Chant to a Beautiful Goddess.

Lakshmi Hindu Goddess of WealthGoddess

Lakshmi Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Solar Plexus Chakra Deities

The solar plexus chakra is associated with the deities Ruhdra, his consort Lakini, and the goddess Lakshmi. The solar plexus is the fire center, often symbolized by the color yellow or a sun-like image. Learn more about the Solar Plexus Chakra.

Rudra is a Hindu god appearing in the Vedas, ancient sacred scriptures. He has both destructive and beneficial aspects. Rudra is the divine archer, shooting arrows of disease and death. He is also a healer and source of remedies for ailments. Rudra is a form of Shiva.

Lakini is a benefactor goddess and the consort of Rudra. Lakini has four arms. Three of her hands hold symbolic items (a thunderbolt, an arrow, and fire). her fourth hand is held in the gesture or mudra of granting wishes and dispelling fears.

Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity. Her name is derived from a Sanskrit word meaning goal, aim or sign. In addition, Lakshmi is usually shown seated or standing on a lotus. The lotus symbolizes creation, beauty, harmony, diversity, stability, and support.

Watch a Video: Hear a mantra to Lakshmi and learn more about this goddess in the article Lakshmi Mantra to the Goddess of Wealth.

Hanuman Hindu Monkey God

Hanuman Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Heart Chakra Deities

Mantras for the heart chakra emphasize the heart as the seat of love and devotion. The heart expresses charity, compassion, and kindness. The heart is a focus for beauty and culture. The heart brings the awareness of community and compassion for others. Learn more about the heart chakra in Heart Chakra Meaning. One of the main deities associated with the heart in Hinduism is Hanuman, the monkey-faced god.

Hanuman is a key deity in the Hindu tradition associated with the heart chakra. Hanuman is the monkey god, hero of epics and stories in Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Hanuman is the ardent devotee of Lord Rama, and he plays a central role in the epic poem Ramayana.

Hanuman is sometimes depicted as the patron of martial arts, wrestling, and acrobatics. I think of Hanuman as an Eastern superhero, somewhat akin to Superman or Spiderman or Batman. He is also the patron of meditation and scholarship.

Watch Videos: Learn more about the superpowers of Hanuman and watch two mantra videos in the article Hanuman Mantra

Sadshiva Deity for Throat Chakra Meaning

Sadashiva Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Throat Chakra Deities

The throat chakra is connected to creativity and self-expression as well as the actions of speaking, chanting and singing. Mantras are an ideal tool for supporting the thyroid and related organs. One of the central Hindu deities associated with the throat chakra is Sadashiva.

Sadashiva is the highest form of Shiva, the Hindu god of dissolution, somewhat akin to the Holy Spirit in the Western tradition. Sometimes Sadashiva is depicted with five faces representing five emanations of God or the four directions plus upward movement. Other sources view Sadashiva’s five faces as symbolizing the forces of the universe: creation, preservation, destruction, obscuration and grace.

Sadashiva wears a tiger skin indicating his victory over animal instincts. The snake around his neck represents the endless cycle of birth and death. The trishula held in one hand is a three-in-one symbol representing the divine as a trinity. Learn more about Hindu Deities and their mantras.

Krishna and Third Eye Chakra

Krishna Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Third Eye Chakra Deities

The third eye is associated with several deities and combined forms of deities. For example, Shiva is often depicted as having three eyes because of his powerful development of this chakra. Other deities associated with the third eye include Vishnu and his incarnations as Krishna and Rama. 

Shiva is one of the three persons of the Hindu trinity. Shiva is the aspect of God that strips the devotee of all illusions. Thus, he is the deity of the third eye or spiritual vision. Shiva is said to possess enough power in his third eye to send out a deadly beam at will.

Rama is a god of protection, one of the nine incarnations of Vishnu. Rama is the most popular avatar of Vishnu, a paragon of virtue and chivalry. Rama is the central character in the Hindu epic the Ramayana. He is the consort of Sita. Rama, also known as Ram, and Sita have many adventures and trials together in this ancient story.

Krishna, one of the deities most closely associated with the third eye chakra, is the son of Devaki and her consort Vasudeva, king of the Chandravanshi clan. Devaki’s brother was Kansa, an evil tyrant. He was told that a child of Devaki would kill him, so he set out to murder the young Krishna.

For his own protection, Krishna was sent to live in the country with Nanda and his wife Yasoda. Krishna’s childhood was spent among their cow herds. This is the origin of Krishna’s childhood names, Gopala and Govinda. 

Listen to a Krishna Mantra: Listen to the mantra Devakinanadana Gopala on our page with all tracks from the Vocal Medicine album

Nataraja and the Crown Chakra

Nataraja Illustration by Rose Karlsen
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Crown Chakra Deities

One of the presiding deities for the crown chakra is Shiva— often depicted in a dancing form known as Nataraja—Lord of the Dance. Shiva is one of the principal deities of Hinduism, part of the trinity composed of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.

Shiva is the destroyer of evil, akin to the Holy Spirit in the Christian trinity. Shiva is alternately depicted both as benevolent and fearsome. Shiva is often shown with a serpent around his neck, a crescent moon as an adornment, the river Ganges flowing from his hair or flowing nearby, the trishula as his weapon, and a damaru (drum) nearby.

Nataraja is the dancing form of Shiva, a joyful being spinning and dancing through creation. Learn more about the sounds and seed syllables for the crown chakra in the article Chakra Sounds.

Listen to Nataraja Mantras: Learn more about the cosmic dancer and listen to three Nataraja mantra videos in Nataraja Mantras: Hindu God and Cosmic Dancer.

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Article Summary

This article covers the chakras and deities in the Hindu tradition. Pairing together the functions of the chakras and the personifications of the chakra energies helps to clarify the purpose of particular chakras. Each of the seven major chakras are associated with one or more of the deities in the Hindu pantheon. These deities include Ganesha for the root chakra; Parvati for the sacral chakra; Lakshmi for the solar plexus chakra; Hanuman for the heart chakra; Sadashiva for the throat chakra; Krishna for the third eye chakra and Nataraja for the crown chakra.

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